Roughly speaking, Bosnia is the northern piece and Herzegovina is the southern piece. However, commonly speaking amongst outsiders, most people just refer to the whole area as Bosnia.
Best Time to Visit Bosnia and Herzegovina
Short Answer: April through October with the best being Mid-April through May and September through Mid-October in my opinion.
Longer Answer: From mid-November through early March, Bosnia is cold. The upside of this season is the economical skiing which is starting to catch on more.
From sometime in March through sometime in November, the temperatures in places like Sarajevo are quite nice. Because of the mountains, temperatures and weather can change drastically but generally this whole season is a nice time to visit Bosnia. (June through August do experience more thunderstorms)
Meanwhile, in Herzegovina, the winters are much more mild and the summers much hotter. In the December through February timeframe expect low temperatures around the freezing mark and highs up to the 50F (10C). From March through mid-June it is quite comfortable. From late June through August, the temperatures are quite high (90’s/30+C’s) although nights are comfortable. September through October the temperatures get comfortable again.
Thus, all in all, unless you are interested in skiing, and given the assumption you want to visit all of the country, the best times would be mid-April through May, and September through mid-October.
If you wish to swim in Montenegro or Croatia and then combine that with a Bosnian adventure, then I’d suggest doing those in September. Generally it is easier to get to Montenegro via Serbian territories.
Miscellaneous Travel Tips for Bosnia and Herzegovina
Eat cevapcici, burek, sarma and pljeskavica. Herzegovina produces nice wines. Find some good fruit brandy, called rakeja, in Bosnia. Bus travel isn’t terribly cheap, and can leave a bit to be desired as some buses are pretty rough around the edges and tortuous roads are slow, but the scenery can be quite rewarding. Train travel between Sarajevo and Mostar was running when I was there and that was a nice experience. By bus (or train if running) you can do Mostar in a day trip from Sarajevo if that is your wish.
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